Even though in the 21st century, India is moving towards development step by step with the world, but many areas of the country still need necessary resources. Even today people in rural areas of India need to be motivated for education from time to time. Some villages are so backward in terms of development that their lives are spent only in arranging food for two times. Even today education is of no importance to the people in such areas.
To know this fact, read the essay given below completely, I hope this essay will be useful for you:
Do we need Mid-Day Meal in 21st century or Long Essay on Do We Need Mid-Day Meal or Free Education in 21stCentury in English)
Free Food or Education – 1200 Word Essay
Preface (What Do we Need Free Meal or Free Education)
Whether we talk about today’s 21st century or the past centuries, if you are asked what is necessary for living life before food or education, then your answer will be the same as the people of backward rural areas. But today this question is being asked from the point of view of development in view of the present time, in which all sections of the country have been included. To attract children towards education, two different schemes called Mid Day Meal and Free Education have been brought by the Governments of India, whose utility we will discuss today.
What is Mid Day Meal? (What is Mid Day Meal?)
The mid-day meal was first introduced in Tamil Nadu in 1925 as a mid-day meal program. After that, mid-day meals were introduced in primary schools in a district of Tamil Nadu around 1962-63 with the aim of increasing the number of children attending school. The then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu K. Kamaraj (K. Kamaraj) implemented this scheme first in Chennai and then in the entire state. Thus Tamil Nadu became the first state in the country to introduce Mid Day Meal.
In 2001, the Supreme Court ordered all the states to implement the scheme within six months. Earlier, the then President Hon’ble Pranab Mukherjee had started the mid-day meal scheme in the schools run by the Central Government. On 15 August 1994, the Government of India launched the National Program on Nutrition Assistance for Elementary Education. In October 2007, this scheme was also started for upper primary classes from 6 to 8 in 3479 educationally backward blocks.
Have a look at free education scheme (Have a look at Free Education Scheme)
The Right to Free and Compulsory Education for Children is present in the form of an Act in the Indian Parliament since 4 August 2009. Under Article 21A of the Constitution of India, there is a provision for free education for children in the age group of 6 to 14 years in India. After the enactment of this Act on 1 April 2010, India became one of the 135 countries to make education a fundamental right. Under the 86th Constitutional Amendment of 2002, education was included in Article 21A giving the status of a fundamental right.
In the context of this bill, a draft was introduced in 2005 in which the government was embroiled in a lot of controversy for making it mandatory to reserve 25% seats for economically backward children in private schools. This act was passed on 1 April 2010 in the whole country except Jammu and Kashmir. On 7 May 2014, the Supreme Court of India ruled that the Right to Education Act would not apply to minority institutions.
Which is more important between mid-day meal or free education? (Which is more important Mid-Day Meal or Free Education?)
Even in the 21st century, the mentality of economically and educationally backward classes is seen very different regarding education. People still consider education to be useless and parents who understand the importance of education are busy in running their livelihood with them. Even the children of such a society do not have any interest in education. In view of this, schemes like Mid Day Meal were brought so that children go to school on the pretext of food and the worry about the food of the children should be reduced a bit from the parents of those children. The parents who are unable to provide nutritious food to their children also got a lot of help from this scheme.
On the other hand, if we talk about the free education scheme, then at present the government has implemented it only for the children of 6 to 10 years. Even today it is difficult for many parents to spend on the education of their children. Free education scheme has helped such parents a lot. Such parents who could not send their children to school due to their low income, with the help of this scheme, those children have also got an opportunity to go to school. Getting basic education up to class 8 is the most important for the future of the children, because this is the best time for the intellectual development of the children.
If we have to choose one of the two schemes considering it as the most important, then I think it would be wrong to go to either side because education without food and food without education cannot imagine a good future for the children. If children get nutritious food and do not get education, then those children may not be able to do anything in the field of education, but they will definitely be able to do something in other areas like sports etc. At the same time, even by providing nutritious food, the future of the children cannot be secured. It is equally important to educate children for their bright future and it is even more important to provide free education to those who are financially weak. Ultimately we all come to the same conclusion that the economically and educationally backward people need both these schemes equally.
Are the needy getting the benefit of mid-day meal or free education? (Are the needy getting the benefit of Mid-Day Meal or Free Education?)
According to government data, there are 120 million children in India from a total of 12,56,000 schools. To whom the scheme of providing facilities like mid-day meal and free education is in the form of the biggest scheme in the world. The government that comes every 5 years gives its promises to the people, but according to the promises, the needy are getting facilities like mid-day meal and free education? Are the children of the people of the society who are in dire need of these facilities getting the benefits of nutritious food and free education in schools? The government cannot turn its back on the responsibility by just bringing the scheme, the more important work than the scheme is to reach the needy, which will have to be completed by the government itself.
The politics behind mid-day meals and free education (The politics behind Mid-Day Meal and Free Education)
Whatever be the government, but everyone’s intention is the same that in some way the vote of the people should be done in their favor. The government first brings out a draft of the scheme so that the people can vote happily and then after winning the election, the government itself rejects it by being surrounded in protests. By promising to give good food to all the children in the form of mid-day meal, she wins the election, but later in the same mid-day meal, worms and dead rats come out. Won the election by claiming to provide free education, but in the name of various programs and extracurricular activities, fees are collected from the parents.
Nutritious food for the physical development of any child and education for intellectual development is very important. The future of children is highly dependent on these two elements. Therefore, along with the government, parents should also make every effort to provide nutrition and education to the children, considering their responsibility. Where necessary, free education and food should also be provided to the children so that no child is left behind in the race for development.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Question 1 – When was the Mid Day Meal started?
answer – The first mid-day meal was started in 1925 in Tamil Nadu.
Question 2 – How many children are there in total under the Mid Day Meal Scheme?
answer – A total of 120 million children are provided in the mid-day meal.
Question 3 – When did the Free and Compulsory Education Bill come into force?
answer – The Free and Compulsory Education Bill came into force in the year 2009.
Question 4 – Who started the mid day meal in the school under the central government?
answer – The Mid Day Meal was started by the then President Pranab Mukherjee in the school under the Central Government.
Question 5 – Which country has the largest mid-day meal scheme in the world?
answer – The largest mid-day meal scheme in the world is that of India.