In ancient times some sections of the society were so suppressed by other classes that the society was divided into two groups of upper and lower castes. To fill the gap between these two sections of the society, great scholars and social reformers had thought of resorting to reservation. Reservation is given to all the castes according to their present status and their population in the society. Reservation is the only additional facilities given to bring the backward sections of the society into the mainstream.
Long Essay on Why OBC Reservation is so Controversial Today in English
1300 Words Essay
The evil practice of caste-based discrimination, which had been going on for centuries, had gripped the society in such a way that the classes that had been ahead were going ahead, while the backward classes were becoming more and more backward. After which provision was made to give reservation to all the castes according to the population in their area. Where OBC population is more, OBC is given more reservation and where SC ST population is more, SC ST is given preference in reservation. The High Court has ruled to keep the scope of reservation only up to 50%. Despite this, many states have increased the reservation to more than 50% according to their population.
What is OBC reservation? (What is OBC Reservation?)
The Other Backward Classes (OBC) is a caste group usually falling under the general category (Gen) which is backward from the rest of the general category in economic and educational matters. Other Backward Classes under Article 340 of the Constitution of India Social and Educational Backward Classes (SEBC) As stated.
The Supreme Court in a judgment in 1992 had asked to reserve 27% of the total seats in government services to OBCs. After which the then Union Minister Jitendra Singh had told in the Lok Sabha in January 2016 the reservation of OBCs in government jobs was 21.57%. According to this decision of the Supreme Court, the reservation of OBCs is 27% in states like Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Goa, while in some states it is even 7 to 50 percent according to the population of OBC.
Why is reservation necessary? (Why OBC Reservation Required?)
We have to understand this through an example. Let’s say you have to play the role of mother in a family and you have two kids. Due to limited resources, you can only give them a glass of milk. Due to some reason one of them gets sick and the doctor says that if he wants to get better, then he has to give two glasses of milk, otherwise it may be difficult to save him.
Now you must be seeing only two ways that either you give a glass of milk to both the children by showing equality or for some time until the condition of the sick child improves, give both glasses of milk to the sick child. Give it to Then as his condition improves, he will start giving milk to the other child as well.
In the same way, we should also have a mother-like feeling towards our society and the sections of the society which have been left behind should try to bring them into the mainstream by giving them additional facilities for some time instead of the advanced classes.
Reservation provides a starting point for all the sections of the society participating in a competition from where their destination is equal for all classes. Preparation for any competition cannot be uniform due to non availability of same resources to all sections of the society.
For example, a child from a big job profession or a businessman’s house gets the best environment and all kinds of facilities for good education, but the child of a backward class of a village who has always been deprived of all those facilities It is obvious that he will never be able to succeed in this competition. Reservation is a kind of help which is given to those sections who do not have proper resources like other sections of the society.
Controversy over OBC reservation in other states like Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh (Controversy over OBC reservation in other states like Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh)
Political parties in India have used the essential facility like reservation for their political advantage in such a way that now the society is divided into two differences. On one side there are those people who are getting reservation and on the other side those who are not getting reservation. If today the government leaves its politics and starts thinking about the welfare of the citizens, then all the differences can be resolved in the blink of an eye, but by doing so their vote bank will be spoiled. From time to time, when the party needed it, it has done politics of votes with the public by bringing such rules, but in the end the public has got only mutual disputes.
Even behind the ongoing controversies in Maharashtra, the selfishness of the present government (from 28 November 2019 till now) is hidden. The current government says that by giving 27% reservation to OBCs in Maharashtra, the total reservation would go beyond the 50% limit which would be in violation of the Supreme Court’s decision. Whereas the Maharashtra government is in favor of giving reservation to the native Marathas. Similarly, the previous government of Madhya Pradesh (17 December 2018 – 23 March 2020) had also assured to increase the reservation of OBCs from 14% to 27% at the time of elections, but after the election, the matter went to court. The land remained. Governments come and go in India but the issue of reservation always remains controversial.
NEET Reason for OBC reservation dispute in examination (Reason for OBC Reservation Controversy in NEET Exam)
The BJP government, sitting at the center for the last four years, is not giving reservation to the OBC students in the NEET examination in the All India Quota, due to which there is a lot of anger among the students and the opposition. Due to this move of the government, there were a total of 40,824 seats in the last four years, out of which 11,027 seats would have been for OBC students, but these seats were also given in general only.
Whereas seats are reserved for SC ST as well as for upper castes, if not then only OBC seats. Many institutions of Tamil Nadu also raised their voice against this, but till now there has been no change, while in Maharashtra, the BJP government is trying to become a sympathizer of OBCs and is promising 27% reservation to OBCs by holding dharnas from place to place.
Will removing OBC reservation be right for the development of the people and the country? (Will removing OBC reservation is good for the development of the people and the country?)
Today, even though caste problems are less common than before, but some sections of the society are still far behind, only after bringing them into the mainstream of development, the development of the country is possible. Due to the development of only one hand of the body, that body is not developed but is called handicapped.
Just as equal development of both the hands is necessary for the overall development of the body, similarly for the development of the entire society, equal development of every class is equally important. It is not wise to leave the classes left behind, everyone’s participation is necessary for sustainable development and for that we have to move forward by giving additional facilities to those sections of the society who have been left behind due to lack of proper resources.
In the present time, reservation has become a controversial issue, for which full credit goes to the political parties. But as a responsible citizen, we also cannot escape the allegation that somewhere we also have a contribution in making the reservation disputed. In fact, keeping aside our advantages or disadvantages, we should first think about the society that if this society was our family, would we deprive a member of our family from the necessary resources, would it not be our endeavor that we are the family members? Bring that weak member on par by giving him extra facilities. Along with implementing reservation, any government has to ensure whether the needy people of that section of the society for which reservation has been brought are getting its benefits or not.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Answer – The British Raj first introduced the elements of reservation in the Government of India Act of 1909.
Answer – In 1954, the Ministry of Education had considered giving 20% reservation for SC ST in educational institutions.
Answer – In the report of the 1980 Commission, it was recommended to give 27 percent reservation for OBCs.
Answer – In 2019, 10% reservation was announced for upper castes in educational institutions and government jobs.
Answer – Article 15(4) and 46 of the Indian Constitution is related to reservation.
Answer – Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj is called the father of reservation in India.