At present, the indiscriminate use of chemicals in agriculture has not only harmed the environment, but it has also led to the degradation of the fertility of the land and it has also badly affected human health. In order to diagnose these problems and to provide good health to human beings, British botanist Sir Albert Howard (Father of Modern Organic Farming) proposed organic agriculture to the people with some of his new researches, under which chemical fertilizers and pesticides were used in agriculture. Animal and human remains are used as fertilizer in place of
Below I am sharing some information about organic farming through essays, I hope this information will further strengthen your understanding about organic farming and will help you in your school and practical work.
Long and Short Essay on (Organic Farming in English)
300 Words Essay – Short Essay
Introduction / Meaning of Organic Farming
The process of agriculture in which organic fertilizers (such as ash, dung, neem, etc.) are used without using chemical fertilizers, growth regulators and pesticides manufactured in factories, is called organic agriculture. It does not reduce the fertility of agriculture and it behaves environmentally friendly.
History of Organic Farming
From 1905–1924, Albert Howard and his wife Gabrielle Howard researched together and they gave their theories a place in their book ‘An Agricultural Testament’ which was published in 1940. His researches greatly influenced the scholars. After 1990, the demand for organic products has increased significantly in almost all the markets of the world.
Organic Farming in India
Organic agriculture was first introduced in India in 2001-2002 from the state of Madhya Pradesh. At this time, organic agriculture was started in one village in each development block of all the districts of the state and these villages were named as organic villages. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has run the following schemes for the development of organic farming-
• Mission organic value chain development for north east region
• Paramparagat krishi vikash yojana
Organic Farming in Indian State
Organic agriculture was first started in India in 2001-2002 in the state of Madhya Pradesh, at present it remains at the top by doing organic farming on about 27% of its area (0.76 million hectares). But Sikkim has become the first fully organic state in India by doing organic farming on about 75000 hectares of land. At present, the area of organic farming in India is 33.32 lakh hectares.
Organic Farming in India Statistics
According to the report of World of Organic Agriculture, India alone produces 30% of the total organic products of the world, but its scope is limited to only 2.59% on the total arable land.
India is an agricultural country, about 70% of its population depends on agriculture for livelihood, due to which most of the rural people are victims of poverty. Organic farming will increase production, there will be no need for expensive fertilizers, diseases will also decrease. Overall, the income of the villagers will increase, the expenditure will decrease, and the savings will increase. The direct effect of which can be seen in the progress of the country.
1000 Words Long Essay
Introduction / What is Organic Farming
Organic farming is a technique in which synthetic fertilizers and pesticides are not used or in very small quantities, in which crop rotation, animal wastes, green manure, and compost etc. Is used for.
Types of Organic Farming / Organic Farming System
The organic farming system is based on ancient agriculture, in which friendly relations between the earth and humans were established, instead of synthetic chemicals, animal excreta and plant residues were used. Food was full of nutrients. There are mainly two types of organic agriculture-
1- Pure Organic Farming
In this type of farming system, the use of inorganic fertilizers and pesticides is completely prohibited in agriculture, which is harmful to the environment, land and consumer. The poet Ghagh has mentioned this type of agriculture in his works. which is the following-
“Dung rakhi leaves rotten, then there is grain in farming
Flax stalks sprinkling the field, the benefits are quadruple the benefits
Cultivated from cow dung, mud, neem cake, or double pods
He is the whole of the farmers, the one who leaves bone powder”
2- Integrated Organic Farming
Integrated organic farming system can also be called complementary farming system or dependent farming system or integrated farming system because in this all the components of agriculture (such as crop production, fruit production, vegetable production, cattle rearing, bee keeping, forestry etc.) depend on or complement. In this, these components are integrated in such a way that there is no or less competition in them and supplementation is maximum so that the residue of one can be useful as a nutrient for the other and this cycle continues. So that external resources are not required or reduced so that the cost of agriculture comes down and income increases.
Methods of Organic Farming
There are many ways to do organic farming in India, farmers choose different farming methods according to their facilities, the goal of all these methods is the same. Some of these methods are as follows-
• Soil Management
With continuous production, there is a shortage of nutrients in the soil, due to which the fertility of the soil decreases. Maintaining the fertility of the soil with the help of essential nutrients is called soil management. Soil management in organic agriculture is done with the help of bacteria present in animal remains.
• Chemical Management in Agriculture
Many types of micro-organisms are present in agricultural land, some of which are harmful to the soil. Natural pesticides or synthetic chemicals are used in small amounts to protect the soil from them and for better yields, this process is called chemical management.
• Biological Pest Control
Biological pest control is a process in which other micro-organisms are used to destroy weeds, mites, insects, etc.
• Weeds Management
The primary objective of organic agriculture is the management of weeds, as weeds also grow in the same land where the crop is to be grown. They absorb essential nutrients from the soil for their growth. Due to which the production of agriculture is affected. They are cut to eliminate or reduce weeds or cover most of the land with the help of thin plastic foil so that their production can be controlled.
• Crop Diversity
This method of organic farming is very famous in India, in this method, at the same time, at the same time, in the same field, different types of crops are grown, due to which there is no shortage of nutrients in the soil and their fertility remains intact. Is.
Benefits of Organic Farming
Some of the benefits of organic farming are as follows-
• The food produced from it is pure, tasty, and full of nutrients.
• There is no cost of chemical fertilizers, hybrid seeds etc., so this process is very cheap.
• Organic farming is eco-friendly, it does not cause any harm to the environment and the soil.
• Due to higher production and less diseases, the income of farmers has increased.
• Possibility of becoming a good exporter due to increase in demand abroad.
• In this, the remains of animals and plants are used, which are some of the main factors of environmental pollution.
Organic Farming Project
The central government has taken the following steps to promote organic farming and to encourage farmers-
• Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North East Region – MOVCDNER
It is a central government scheme, launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Welfare in 2015 in the northeastern states (Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Assam).
• One District-One Product Scheme
Its objective is to generate employment at the district level and to promote the sale of local products.
• Paramparagat Krishi Vikash Yojana
It was started in 2015, this scheme is a component of ‘Soil Health Management’, a sub-mission released under the National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture. In this, the development of organic villages is stimulated through the Participation Guarantee System Certification.
Need and Importance of organic farming
• From the point of view of soil conservation
• From the point of view of environmental protection
• From the perspective of human health
• For more income at less cost etc.
• To obtain nutritious food
• To increase the yield
• Possibility of becoming a good exporter
• From the point of view of cleanliness etc.
Disadvantages of organic farming
• Due to less production, its value is relatively higher by about 40%.
• Despite the efforts of the government, its marketing and distribution is not being done smoothly.
• It requires more money in the beginning, etc.
Keeping in view the present scenario, it would not be an exaggeration to say that if human beings want to survive on the earth, then adopting organic farming should not be a means of fulfilling their needs but their compulsion, because in the present farming system, there is a rapid synthesis. The use of chemicals has badly affected not only the land but also the environment and human health.
Frequently Asked Questions
Answer- Albert Howard is the father of organic farming.
North- Madhya Pradesh