Essay on Kavad and Kavad Yatra

The practice of Kanwar Yatra is going on in our country since several hundred years ago. Some facts related to Kanwar Yatra are also found in Puranas and texts. In the Kanwar Yatra, devotees carry a kanwar on their shoulders and travel on foot to offer water to the famous temples of their favorite Lord Shankar. This Kanvad Yatra performed by the devotees of Lord Shiva is done in the month of Sawan.

Essay on Significance of Kawad and Kawad Yatra in English

1400 Words Essay


Kanwar Yatra is one of the religious beliefs of Hinduism which is performed by Shiva devotees in most parts of India. Lakhs of devotees throng this yatra during the month of Sawan. In the month of Sawan, we see devotees wearing ocher robes on the streets carrying kanwars tied with water vessels on their shoulders, shouting slogans of Bol-Bam, who travel on foot to Shiva temples, these travelers are Kanwariye or Kanwar Yatris and their footsteps. The journey itself is called Kanwar Yatra.

Who are the kanwars? (What is Kawad?)

The kanwar is a bamboo stick with a light water vessel tied at both the ends, in which the devotees of Shiva travel to Kanvad by filling the Ganges water. The kanwar is made strong and light in weight so that the devotees can carry this kanwar on their shoulders and travel long distances on foot. The kanwar is made in such a way that if the kanwar is placed on the shoulder from the middle, its fullness is equal on both the sides. Shiva devotees decorate their kanwars with toys depicting the symbols of Lord Shankar.

kanwar yatra (Kanwar Yatra)

Kanwar Yatra is an annual pilgrimage performed by Shiva devotees in India, which is a symbol of the faith of Hindus. Every year Kanwar Yatra is performed by the devotees of Lord Shiva in the month of Sawan of the Hindu calendar. In this month, there is a lot of crowd of Kanwar pilgrims in the special temples of Lord Shiva. Devotees undertake long distance journeys from major places like Haridwar, Gangotri, Gomukh, Prayagraj, Varanasi and Sultanganj to the special temples of Lord Shiva in the temples of Kashi Vishwanath, Vaidyanath, Aughadnath, Taraknath and Pura Mahadev. prefer to go. Some Shiva devotees also offer water in the pagodas of their hometowns.

In this way, devotees perform Jalabhishek of Lord Shiva throughout the month of Sawan in Kanwar Yatra, but Kanwar travelers consider Trayodashi of Krishna Paksha of Sawan month and mainly on Chaturdashi as auspicious day to perform Jalabhishek of Lord Shiva. Many devotees travel on foot and many people travel by motor vehicle, bus and cycle etc. to Kanwar. Kanwar pilgrims do not keep the kanwars on the ground once they are lifted during the journey. The Kanwar travelers travel in groups and move forward helping each other. A kanwar traveler keeps the kanwar on his shoulder till the time he takes a bath after performing the rituals.

types of kanwar yatra (Types of Kawad Yatra)

Kanwar Yatra is very unique and wonderful. These Kanwar Yatras are mainly of 4 types, which have their own rules-

1) Normal Kanwar Yatra – In normal kanwar, the devotees move on while taking rest in the middle of the journey. There are pandals and arrangements for rest and food for the devotees where the common Kanwar pilgrims stay and rest.

2) Steep Kanwar Yatra – The kanwar yatra is a long journey and the kanwariyas traveling on foot travel in groups with their associates, when a kanwar traveler gets tired and stops, his associate moves the kanwar in the manner of carrying the kanwar on his shoulder. Is. The Kanwars do not stop in this Kanwar Yatra.

3) Dak Kanwar Yatra – In Dak Kanwar, the Kanwar traveler keeps on walking without stopping. People clear the way in the temples for the dak kanwar yatri. Special arrangements are also made by the temple administration for the post kanwariyas.

4) Dandi Kanwar Yatra – This is the most difficult type of kanwar yatra in which the devotees of Shiva, while lying on the banks of the river to the temple, complete the punishment by measuring the length of their body. Very few people make this journey. Sometimes it takes even 1 month to complete this journey.

History of Kanwar Yatra (History of Kawad Yatra)

Evidence of Kanwar Yatra is also found in the 19th century when devotees traveling from place to place carrying Kanwar were reported by English soldiers.

When does Kavad Yatra start? There are many folk tales related to this which are as follows-

According to Hindu Puranas, when the churning of the ocean took place, a poison called “Halahal” came out before the nectar, which no gods and demons wanted to consume. The earth started burning due to the heat of Halahal poison. Seeing the earth burning in this way, Lord Shankar decided to drink the poison and he stopped the poison in his throat while drinking it. As soon as Lord Shiva consumed the poison, his body started burning and Lord Shankar’s temperature started rising.

Two stories are told to cool down the temperature of Lord Shiva, one is that after drinking poison all the deities started performing Jalabhishek to him and Lord Indra showered with his powers and started the Kanwar system. The second story is that after consuming poison, Lord Shankar’s body started burning, then he remembered his great devotee Ravana, then Ravana brought Ganga water in Kanwar and offered it to Lord Shiva and started this practice.

One legend has it that the first Kanwar Yatra was started by Lord Parashurama. Shri Parashuram, a great devotee of Lord Shankar, started this kanwar tradition by taking the Ganges water from Garhmukteshwar by performing Jalabhishek of Lord Shiva in the “Pura Mahadev” temple of present day Baghpat district.

Somewhere it is also heard that Shravan Kumar carried his parents on his shoulder and took him to the pilgrimage and while coming, he brought Gangajal which was offered to Lord Shiva and since then the practice of this practice started.

Among all these beliefs, the most belief is that of the folk tale of Lord Parashurama.

Importance of Kanwar Yatra (Importance of Kawad Yatra)

This yatra performed by the devotees of Shiva in the holy month of Sawan is of great importance. It is believed that the Kanvad Yatra yields the same result as the Ashwamedha Yagya. The travelers who travel to Kanwar for the Jalabhishek of Lord Shiva barefoot on foot, they are freed from the bondage of birth and death and all their sins are eradicated. With the blessings of Lord Shiva, devotees attain Shivalok after death. The Kanwar Yatra further strengthens the spirit of devotion among the people. Faith in God teaches us to differentiate between right and wrong on the path of life.

due to covid kanwar travel ban (Restriction on Kawad Yatra Due to Covid)

In the year 2020, the terrible epidemic of Corona had engulfed the whole country, due to which people had to stay at home for several months. In view of the prevention of this epidemic, the Kanwar Yatra was completely postponed in 2020. This effect of Corona remained in the year 2021 as well, due to which the Uttarakhand government completely postponed the Kanwar Yatra in its state in 2021 in view of the crowd of Kanwariyas in Haridwar. In Uttar Pradesh too, this year the Kanwar Yatra did not take place, although a few selected people are seen going for Jalabhishek in their nearby temples.


Kanwar Yatra is also a part of Hindu tradition to which the religious faith of Hindus is attached. Many Hindu organizations like Vishwa Hindu Parishad, Swayam Sevak Sangh, local Kanwar Sangh and some local people also make arrangements for the services of Kanwar pilgrims for rest, food, medicine etc. It also reflects the religious culture of our country. Kanwar Yatra also connects unknown people with each other. On such occasions some people also show unity in religious diversity and arrange water for these travelers.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1 – How many total passengers are involved in the Kanwar Yatra?

answer – About 25 lakh passengers participate in the Kanwar Yatra.

Question 2 – How far do the Kanwar Yatris travel on foot?

answer – Kanwar Yatris travel for about 150 to 200 kms.

Question 3 – In which month Kanwar Yatra is done?

answer – Kanwar Yatra is done in the month of Sawan.

Question 4 – Why is Kanwar Yatra important in India?

answer – After the Kumbh Mela, the Kanwar Yatra is the second occasion on which people gather.

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