Even after the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, Pakistan has been making every effort to provoke India from time to time on the issue of Kashmir. Even after the defeat in the wars of 1948, 1965, 1971, Pakistan did not desist from its nefarious antics. Despite the peace agreement between India and Pakistan in February 1999, Pakistan infiltrated into India with the help of its troops in May 1999 and caused a genocide like Kargil.
Long Essay on Kargil Vijay Diwas in English
1200 Word Essay
Historians believe that Pakistan Army Chief Pervez Musharraf and Lt Gen Mohammad Aziz were preparing plans to infiltrate India since the autumn of 1998. Pakistan has always been conspiring to make Kashmir an international issue and this was the belief behind the infiltration of Pakistan in 1999 as well. Since independence, India has been firing bullets on the Pakistan border every day, but when its antics have tried to cross the limit, it has to face the brave soldiers of India.
cause of kargil war
Even after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Pakistan continued to maintain a tense atmosphere on the Kashmir border. After 1971, due to nuclear tests in both India and Pakistan, this tension became stronger. It has always been the thinking of Pakistan that somehow the issue of Kashmir should be taken to the international level. Pakistan has always wished that India should not call the Kashmir tension as its internal matter at the international level and Pakistan should get the decision of Kashmir in its favor with the help of its other allies. With this intention, Pakistan made a strategy to infiltrate the areas of Kargil and Dras of India and from February 1999 onwards, started sending its troops to the Indian controlled area. The result of which came out in the form of Kargil war in May 1999.
information about infiltrators from pakistan
In 1999, during the patrolling on the top of Kargil by the Indian Army between 8 and 15 May, the infiltration of Pakistan was detected, after which the atmosphere of war started. A few days later, the Indian Army found out that Pakistan had sent a large number of its soldiers to the areas controlled by India. After which a meeting of the chiefs of the three armies was called by the Government of India on 24 May 1999, in which all the planning for the war was made and this mission was completed. “Operation Vijay” Name given.
The Indian government started sending its army against the infiltrators from 8 May itself. When the fighting took a formidable form, on 30 June 1999, about 73,000 soldiers were sent to the disputed Kashmir region. The infiltration was carried out by the Pakistani Army within a radius of 160 km, which took almost two and a half months to capture the Indian Army. On June 13, 1999, in the areas of Dras, the war between India and the Pakistani army continued for several weeks and finally the Indian Army managed to drive the Pakistani army from there.
The area of Batalik Sector was very strongly encircled by the enemies, which took almost a month for the Indian Army to capture. About 12,000 rounds of strong explosives were rained down on Tiger Hill, causing the Pakistani army to collapse there. From 4 to 5 July 1999, the Indian Army was successful in regaining Tiger Hill. Point 4875 was awarded in recognition of the outstanding performance of the gunmen in the sub-regions of Dras and Mashkoh. “Gun Hill” name was given. Air Force carried out this mission “Operation Safed Sagar” was named. Due to the valor and valor of the Indian Army, India won the battle of Kargil on 26 July 1999.
Weapons used in Kargil war
After the Second World War, the name of Kargil is recorded in the pages of history as the most horrific war, which required many valuable weapons to fight. The Indian Army used 155 mm Bofors Medium Gun and 105 mm Indian Field Gun in direct firing. The Indian Army used 122 mm Grad Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher in direct combat. The Pakistani intruders were armed with AK 47 and 56 mortars, artillery, anti-aircraft guns and Stinger missiles, while the Indian Army used 122 mm Grad multi-barrel rocket launchers. 60 front line helicopters were also deployed by the Indian Army in this operation. In the Kargil war, about 5000 bombs and rockets were fired from 300 cannons per day.
A look at the Amar Jawan Jyoti Memorial
Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated every year on 26th July in the memory of the same brave martyrs who were happily martyred while displaying their valor and valor in the Kargil war. Amar Jawan Jyoti Memorial was inaugurated by former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1972 in memory of unknown martyrs. Before the parade on 26 January and 15 August at this memorial, other chief guests including the Prime Minister of the country and the chiefs of the three services also pay tribute to the martyrs.
Every year on 26th July also, on the day of Kargil Vijay Diwas, in the memory of all those martyrs, the three army chiefs reach the Amar Jawan Jyoti Memorial at Rajpath, Delhi to pay homage to the martyrs. This building has been constructed below the India Gate from the marble. The L1A1 self-loading rifle has also been installed atop the monument and a military helmet hangs over the barrel. The flame in the middle of this monument remains lit throughout the year and the flame located at the four corners of the monument is lit only on special occasions.
Special on Kargil Vijay Diwas 2021
This time there is a preparation to make Kargil Vijay Diwas special. On this Vijay Diwas, the army’s victory torch is also being taken to Ladakh to encourage the soldiers. This victory torch is on the way from Kashmir to Ladakh and is expected to reach on 23 July. This time on Vijay Diwas, our President and Supreme Commander of all armies, Hon’ble Shri Ram Nath Kovind, will reach Kargil and pay tribute to the martyrs.
This time on Kargil Vijay Diwas, the Indian Army is on the way to complete two motorcycle rallies. An Army contingent is reaching Dras from Leh crossing an altitude of 17 thousand feet at Daulat-Beg-Oldi and another contingent is moving towards Kargil from Dhruv War Memorial, Northern Command Headquarters, Udhampur on July 22. In the context of making this Victory Day special, Srinagar’s PRO Defense Lt Col Emran Mousavi told that a two-day program will be organized at Drass War Memorial from July 25.
In the Kargil war between India and Pakistan in 1999, about 500 brave soldiers of India were martyred and about 1500 soldiers were also injured. After so many sacrifices, India won the Kargil war. According to the name of this operation, 26 July was declared as Vijay Diwas so that the coming generations also know about the heroic stories of those patriots and thank those heroes. This time on 26 July 2021, the complete 22 years of Kargil are going to be completed. Today, the areas of Kargil and Dras, which we all proudly declare as part of India, are the gift of those martyrs, to whom we express our gratitude by paying tribute every year on Vijay Diwas.
FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions
Answer – Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated every year on 26th July.
Answer – Amar Jawan Jyoti Memorial is located under India Gate on Delhi’s Rajpath Marg.
Answer – The war of Kargil started around 3rd May.
Answer – The Battle of Kargil was fought between India and Pakistan.
Answer – The Kargil war lasted for about two and a half months from 3 May 1999 to 26 July 1999.