[Solution] Crossmarket solution codeforces

Table of Contents

Crossmarket solution codeforces

Crossmarket solution codeforces – Stanley and Megan decided to shop in the “Crossmarket” grocery store, which can be represented as a matrix with đť‘›n rows and 𝑚m columns.

Stanley and Megan can move to an adjacent cell using 11 unit of power. To speed up the shopping process, Megan brought her portals with her, and she leaves one in each cell she visits (if there is no portal yet). If a person (Stanley or Megan) is in a cell with a portal, that person can use 11 unit of power to teleport to any other cell with a portal, including Megan’s starting cell.

[Solution] Crossmarket solution codeforces

They decided to split up: Stanley will go from the upper-left cell (cell with coordinates (1,1)(1,1)) to the lower-right cell (cell with coordinates (𝑛,𝑚)(n,m)), whilst Megan needs to get from the lower-left cell (cell with coordinates (𝑛,1)(n,1)) to the upper-right cell (cell with coordinates (1,𝑚)(1,m)).

What is the minimum total energy needed for them both to do that?

Note that they can choose the time they move. Time does not affect energy.

Input

Each test contains multiple test cases. The first line contains the number of test cases 𝑡t (1≤𝑡≤10001≤t≤1000). Description of the test cases follows.

The only line in the test case contains two integers 𝑛n and 𝑚m (1≤𝑛,𝑚≤1051≤n,m≤105).

[Solution] Crossmarket solution codeforces

For each test case print a single integer on a new line – the answer.

Example
input

Copy
7
7 5
5 7
1 1
100000 100000
57 228
1 5
5 1
output

Copy
15
15
0
299998
340
5
5
Note

Crossmarket solution codeforces

[Solution] Crossmarket solution codeforces

In the first test case they can stick to the following plan:

  1. Megan (red circle) moves to the cell (7,3)(7,3). Then she goes to the cell (1,3)(1,3), and Stanley (blue circle) does the same.
  2. Stanley uses the portal in that cell (cells with portals are grey) to get to the cell (7,3)(7,3). Then he moves to his destination — cell (7,5)(7,5).
  3. Megan also finishes her route and goes to the cell (1,5)(1,5).

The total energy spent is (2+6)+(2+1+2)+(2)=15(2+6)+(2+1+2)+(2)=15, which is our final answer.

For Solution

“Click Here”

Leave a Comment